PROTECTED AREAS AND WHY WE NEED THEMbest practices from Russia

11877 lessons
450284 participants
Start the lesson
Join our conservation efforts and teach this lesson about protected areas
The goal of the lesson
Gain public support for protected areas and their efforts to conserve the nature


You will learn
  • 1. What is a Protected Areas?
  • 2. Why are protected areas so important for science, culture, leisure and education?
  • 3. How can we help protected areas to conserve our nature?
  • 4. What does the Russian word ‘zapovednik’ mean for nature conservation?
  • 5. How to spend a great time at Protected areas?
  • 6. Why we should be proud of our natural heritage
    and the protected areas that conserve it.

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Teach the interactive lesson “Protected areas and why we need them” and take a photo of the process
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Protected Area
is a clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values. (IUCN, 2008)
The first protected area of Russia – Barguzin zapovednik (nature reserve) – was created in 1917. It was created to restore the population of barguzin sable and conserve it for the future.
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Today in Russia protected areas conserve more than 13% of its’ territory. The total territory of the protected areas of Russia is equal to 5 territories of Spain
Zapovedniks (Nature Reserves) - ICUN category Ia
Protected areas that are strictly set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological features, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited. Such protected areas can serve as indispensable reference areas for scientific research and monitoring. This is the first and the most common form protected areas in Russia.

National Parks - IUCN category II
Protected areas that combine nature conservation with sustainable tourism. These are natural areas set aside to protect large-scale ecological processes and ecosystems characteristic of the area. At the same time National parks also provide a foundation for environmentally and culturally compatible spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities.

Habitats (Species Management Areas) – IUCN category IV
Protected areas aiming to protect particular species or habitats and management reflects this priority. Many habitats need regular human interventions to address the requirements of particular species or to maintain habitats. They can be temporary or permanent.

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